government

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. regime, administration; control, rule, regulation; state, economy; kingship, regency, etc. See authority.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [The process of governing]
Syn. rule, control, command, regulation, administration, bureaucracy, direction, equity, dominion, sway, authority, jurisdiction, hegemony, suzerainty, sovereignty, prerogative, polity, direction, power, management, authorization, patronage, mastery, predominance, superiority, supervision, superintendence, magistracy, supremacy, domination, preponderance, ascendancy, influence, presidency, politics, regimentation, state, statecraft, political practice, caretaker government, governmental procedure; see also administration .
2. [The instrument of governing]
Syn. administration, assembly, legislature, congress, cabinet, executive power, regime, supreme authority, ministry, party, chamber, council, parliament, senate, department of justice, soviet, diet, synod, convocation, convention, court, directory, house.
Types of government include: absolute monarchy, dictatorship, empire, tyranny, fascism, imperialism, colonialism, despotism, limited monarchy, constitutional monarchy, hereditary kingship, oligarchy, aristocracy, democracy, popular government, representative government, democratic socialism, communism, socialism, party government. Divisions of government include: state, province, kingdom, territory, colony, dominion, commonwealth, soviet, republic, shire, city, county, canton, town, village, hamlet, township, municipality, principality, precinct, borough, commune, ward, district, suburb, department, arrondissement, département ( both French), nome, nomarchy, Parish.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
regulation, administration, governing body, control, *Big Brother, Washington, *Uncle Sam, the state, *powers that be, management, supervision, guidance, bureaucracy, rule, command, reign, authority, leadership, dictatorship, regime, senate, congress, ministry. The biggest organized social effort for dealing with social problems.''—Felix Frankfurter. The people.''— John Quincy Adams. The Santa Claus of something-for-nothing and something-for-everyone.''—Barry Goldwater. A kind of gangsterism.''—Frank Lloyd Wright.
WORD FIND
absence of: anarchy
authoritarian: totalitarianism
autonomy: sovereignty
betrayal of: treason
citizens in authority: commonwealth, democracy, republic
clergy, headed by: hierocracy, theocracy, hagiarchy
dictated by one ruler or small group: dictatorship, despotism, tyranny
experts, by: technocracy
female: matriarchy, gynarchy, gynecocracy
king’s: monarchy
male lineage, handed down through: patriarchy
Medieval system of lords and vassals: feudalism
military, by: stratocracy, martial law
oppressive, one-party system: fascism
preserving cultural diversity: pluralism
privileged class, by: aristocracy, oligarchy, plutocracy
secret police, controlled by: police state
seizure of: coup d’etat
self-governing: autonomous
without: acracy
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. The continuous exercise of authority over a political unit: administration, control, direction, governance, rule. See CONTROL, POLITICS. 2. A system by which a political unit is controlled: governance, regime, rule. See POLITICS. 3. Authoritative control over the affairs of others: administration, direction, management, superintendence, supervision. See OVER.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • government — gov‧ern‧ment [ˈgʌvmənt, ˈgʌvnmənt ǁ ˈgʌvərn ] also Government noun [countable] the group of people responsible for running a country or state and making decisions about taxes, laws, public services etc: • The Government is planning further cuts …   Financial and business terms

  • government — gov·ern·ment / gə vər mənt, vərn / n 1: the act or process of governing; specif: authoritative direction or control 2: the office, authority, or function of governing 3: the continuous exercise of authority over and the performance of functions… …   Law dictionary

  • government — [guv′ərn mənt, guv΄ərmənt] n. [OFr governement: see GOVERN & MENT] 1. a) the exercise of authority over a state, district, organization, institution, etc.; direction; control; rule; management b) the right, function, or power of governing 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Government — Gov ern*ment, n. [F. gouvernement. See {Govern}.] 1. The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government. [1913 Webster] 2. The mode of governing;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • government — government, governance Note the n in the middle of government (based on the word govern with the noun suffix ment), and that it should be pronounced as well as written. Government is the workaday word for the system by which a state or community… …   Modern English usage

  • Government — athlete tax carry tax competitive compassion declinism democrazy dollarize endism fast food zoning …   New words

  • government — late 14c., act of governing or ruling; 1550s, system by which a thing is governed (especially a state), from O.Fr. governement (Mod.Fr. gouvernement), from governer (see GOVERN (Cf. govern)). Replaced M.E. governance. Meaning governing power in a …   Etymology dictionary

  • government — [n] management, administration authority, bureaucracy, command, control, direction, domination, dominion, empire, execution, executive, governance, guidance, influence, jurisdiction, law, ministry, patronage, political practice, politics, polity …   New thesaurus

  • government — ► NOUN 1) (treated as sing. or pl. ) the governing body of a state. 2) the system by which a state or community is governed. 3) the action or manner of governing a state, organization, or people. DERIVATIVES governmental adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • government — governmental /guv euhrn men tl, euhr men /, adj. governmentally, adv. /guv euhrn meuhnt, euhr meuhnt/, n. 1. the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and… …   Universalium

  • Government — For government in linguistics, see Government (linguistics). Part of the Politics series Basic forms of government …   Wikipedia

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